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Friday, 8 July 2011

Vedic Age

 VEDIC AGE (1500- 1000B.C)
Vedic Age was extended from 1500-500 BC
Social Condition
- Semi nomadic and pastoral people
- Women equal to man
- Well established institution of marriage
- Division of class ‘ Aryan and Dasyu’
Staple crop: Barley and barley only (Yava)
Coins Unknown: Barter system was practiced.
War: Known as ‘Gavishthi’- in search of cows
‘Ayas”:- For copper and bronze
- No clear evidence of trade
- Knew Gold but not silver
Religion:- Primitive Animism
Indra: Greatest God- 259 Hymn in Rigveda, called ‘Purandara’ or Breaker of forts
Sindhu:- River par excellence for Aryans
Agni:- 200 hymns
Varuna:- Personified water “Ethically the highest”
Savitri:- A solar deity to whom the famous Gayatrimantra is attributed.
Male Gods dominated.
Rigveda: Presents the earliest specimen of Indo European language.
Aryans entered India through Khyber Pass.

The Vedic Age is the period in the history of India during which the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, were being composed.
The Vedic civilization was centered in northern and northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent.
Its early phase saw the formation of various kingdoms of ancient India. In its late phase, it saw the rise of the Mahajanapadas, and was succeeded by the Maurya Empire, the golden age, classical age of Sanskrit literature, and the Middle kingdoms of India.
The Vedic texts could be classified in following chronological strata:
The Rigveda is the oldest Vedic texts having many common Indo-Iranian elements, both in language and in content.
Mantra language
This period includes both the mantra and prose language of the Atharvaveda and the mantras of the Yajurveda. Many of these texts are largely derived from the Rigveda, but have undergone certain changes, both by linguistic change and by reinterpretation.
Samhita prose
This period marks the beginning of the collection and codification of a Vedic canon. The Brahmana texts belong to this period.
Brahmana prose
The Brahmanas proper of the four Vedas belong to this period, as well as the Aranyakas, the oldest of the Upanishads and the oldest Shrautasutras.


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